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Gum disease is a dangerous and serious dental issue that is also very complicated. In fact, it’s so complicated that is has two stages. The first stage is gingivitis:

Gingivitis

Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease. It develops when the plaque on your teeth is left untreated. As time passes, the plaque grows and irritates your gums, making them red and swollen and even making them bleed easily when you brush and floss your teeth. Oftentimes little to no discomfort is experienced at this stage. The best way to treat this version of gum disease is to have a professional dental cleaning and to make improvements to your oral hygiene routine.

The second stage is periodontitis:

Periodontitis

If your gingivitis is left untreated, it can advance into periodontitis. This happens when the plaque turns into tartar and it spreads and grows below the gumline. Then, the toxins in the tartar irritate the gums and deteriorate the underlying bone and tissues. In addition, your gums tend to recede from the base of your teeth, creating pockets. As time goes by, the pockets fill with infection. If this isn’t treated with laser periodontal therapy, scaling and root planing treatments, or antibiotics, the disease could cause loose and lost teeth.

Now that you know all about the different stages of gum disease in Evanston, Wyoming, it’s time to do all you can to prevent it. You can do so by keeping up a thorough and effective oral hygiene routine and by visiting Dr. Nathan Lester every six months for a routine cleaning and exam. To learn more, please call Bear River Dental at 307.789.5608 at your earliest convenience. Our dental team is happy to help you in any way we can, and we look forward to helping you!